Fantoni-Nunes notes by Daniel Neill source: - Vugraph Project (http://www.sarantakos.com/bridge/vugraph.html) - BBO myhands - BDI magazine last updated: 9-24-10 New: not much Opening Summary: 1C = 15+ balanced (4333/4432/5m332), or 14+ value 5+C/444-1red, F1 1D = 14+ value 5+D or 444-1black, F1 1H = 14+ value 5+H (12+ if 4S), F1, may have 6H-5S, 5H-6m 1S = 14+ value 5+S (12+ if 4+H), F1 1N = 12-14 (11+ NV), all 5422's included except both M's, 6m ok, all 4441's included (!) 2C = 10-13 value, 5C-4other unbalanced, or 6+C (5C-5S, 5H-6C has opened 2C before) 2D = 10-13 value, 5D-4M/4+m unbalanced, or 6+D 2M = 10-13 value, 5M-4+m unbalanced, or 6+M 2N = 21-22 bal 3y/4y = pree 3N = solid 7+crd minor nothing much else Upgrade often. 2-bid openers will often bid again where a std. weak two bidder could not, e.g. after being raised or with extra length, or with a takeout double if short in the opponents' suit. 2/1 GF (2C 3-way), unless opener has 5-4+ majors. Third/Fourth Seat - 2-bids are (6)8-12 (mb 5332 or 5-4 majors) with nat responses, 1-bids 13+, 2/1 not GF, 4-level pree vul-appropriate X/XX by wide-range hand (that has already bid previously) shows cards while bids all show minimums, even jumps. X by 0-9 hand later is takeout. Most all other doubles are takeout. Responses: ******************** Opening 1C Responses ******************** 1D = 4+H, 0-9 (10-12 ok if bal nonpositional for NT) (X) XX = 18+, cards (takeout doubles) (1S) Pass = 15-18(-) (Pass) X = cards, says nothing about S length (2S) X = was cards once, cards+ takeout another 1N = 18+-20, may have 3H, balancing double takeout (2N inv) 3H = was 2434 19 (2m) op double 18+, balancing double takeout, Pass = may have 3fit (no supp X's) (2S) Pass = had 3235 15 (balancing 3D = was 3550 6 HCP NF) X = was 1426 17 (3S = was 2452 10) 1H = 4+H 14-20/GF, or 23+ NT - forcing (X) 2m = as normal 1S = was 3433/2533/2443/1525/1444/2524 6-9 1N = was 3433 22 2C = was 1444 6 (3H = was 3433 22, cues...) 2C = was 4423 20 3C = was 1525 (etc etc) 2H = 4fit, was 15 4H bal x4, promises minimum (4H to play) 4H = to play (esp opp PH) 2C = short C: 5+ if sing. or 7+ if doub. 2H = 4H, min not turned on (2S = 4S F1) 3C = was 4H-5C 19 2D = short D: 5+ if sing. or 7+ if doub. 2S = 4S, was 4432 18 2N = was 3424 9, thk promises balanced (4H = to play) 3S = sets S GF 2N = was 4324 24 3D = shows 5+H, was 4513 2H = 0-5 1S = natural, was 4(31)5 19, 4144 14-21, 4225 16, 4126 13/14 2D = 4th suit F, was 4432/3442/2434/3433 10 (X) XX = was 4315 19, think shows 18+ any (3N = was to play with 3433 10) 2S = was 4135 19 (4S = to play) 3D = was 4144 18 3N = max, D stop, was 4144 20 (4C = sets C) 2S = was 4531 2 2N = inv (was 3451 8) 3D = was 4144 21, promises 4D (4D = was 5fit) 3S = inv (was 7/8, 4S-4H) 3N = was 2443 9 great stoppers 4S = was 4531 9 BPH 1N = 15-18(-), denies 4H, may have 4S, not 18 with 3H 2C = invit+ relay, incl. 5H-4S (if X, Pass = stopper [XX back on path], bid = no stopper) 2D = 17-18 2N = GF relay, 3514/44(32)/4531/4522x2 3C = was 3235 but suit-oriented (3N = was 4522) 3H = 3crds (games to play, 3N = 4S-4H NF) 3N = was 3235 2H = 15-16, 3H, may have 4S 2S = was 4441 9 2N = was 3343 2S = 15-16, 4S, may have 3H (?) 2N = 15-16, denies 4S or 3H (3C = to play) 2D = retransfer (forces 2H) 2H = forced (2N/3H = inv, 3N = c.o.g.) 2H = 4S-4/5H, s/o (Pass = H are better/longer than S, 2S = 3S-2H) 2C = 14-17, NF, 6+C or 4D-5C 2D = relay, was 2542 7 (2N = was 3226 av [3C NF]) 2S = was 4432 9, 3433 10 (mb shows stop) (2N = was 1345 min, 3N = was max good C with D stop) 2D = 18+, nat or C 1-suiter, was 3145 24 2H/3C = 0-5, NF signoff attempt (3N to play) 2S = 6+, GF, art 2H = 18-20 3crd raise, may have 4S 2S = transfer to 2N, incl. 4414 GF, 4H-5+C GF, signoff in 3NT 2N = forced 3C = 5+C or 4414 GF (3N = was 4342 NF and missed 4-4 S fit, 4C = nat) 3N = to play, was 3433 3D = short D (3H = neg) 3H = was 4432 11 (3N = to play, missed 4-4 S fit) 4C = splinter or cue 2N = 18(+)-20, denies 3H, may have 4S 3C = GF relay 3D = was 3253 3S = was 4531 3H = was 3334 (3N = was 4432 no slam) 3N = 4S-4C (4234/4144) 3D = transfer, 5+H 3H = forced 3N = choice of games 1H = 4+S, 0-10 maybe more if just 4S (was 13 bal in BBowl, 5224 12 in EuroClub08, 4144 13 in '10 Vandy) (X) 1S = was 4225 17 2S = was 14-17 4fit x2 (2red) Pass = may have 3 spades (don't play support doubles) X = was 5152 8 (2S = 3fit) 2H = was 2416 17 1S = 4S 14-20/ GF, 4144 19 or 23+ NT - forcing (X) Pass = was bal 0 HCP 2C = short C: 5+ if sing. or 7+ if doub., OR catchall bal 9-11 2D = was 4S 20 bal twice, was 4243 2S = invite, 1-2 C 3D = was 4162 2S = was 4423 16 (Qxx C) 3D = was 4333 9 good fragment (4S = was 4423 16) 2D = short D: 5+ if sing. or 7+ if doub. 4S = was 4144 19 2H = short H: 5+ if sing. or 7+ if doub. 2S = was 4432 15 twice, NF (3S = invit) 2N = was 4423 16 (3D = was 4D 10) 3D = was 4432 19 no C cue, they had mixup and stopped in game with cold grand 4S = was 19 bal 2S = 0-5 (6 4333) 2N = GF relay 3S = was 5233 4 3S = was 4333 19 (3N = was 4333, played) 3N = to play (esp. opposite PH, < 3 S) 3C = was 5530 4 but other thought showed 5440 so off the rails 1N = 15-18(-), denies 4S, could be 1444, not 18 with 3S (2C) 2H = 5+S as normal 2C = invit relay, even with 4S or 5S-4H 2D = 17-18, could have 3S or 4H (2N = was 5431 6 [3N = had 2S-3H], 3N to play, no M interest) 2H = 15-16, 4H, may have 3S 2S = NF 5S 2N = NF 4S 3S = GF, was 5S-5C 3N = to play, was 4153 and pd corrected to 4S with AKx ATxx xx Axxx 2S = 15-16, 3S, denies 4H 2H = 5+S, any strength, puppet (X) Pass = was Ax AJxx ATx KTxx alerted (XX was 5134 10, prob retrans - pd bid 2S with Ax) 2S = forced Pass = s/o 3C = was 5044 7 (4S = was 3442 max) 3D = 5S-4D GF 4S/3N = to play/c.o.g. 2C = 14-17, could have 4red-5C and/or 3S (X) XX = cards 2D = ART, game interest 2H = was 1435 17 2N = was 7 2N = was 1435 15 both red stops (3N = to play with 5S) 2H = had 5S-4H 6 2S = was 2362 min 3C = NF 2S = s/o (2N = inv) 2N = invit, had 4S 2D = Gazzilli, 18+ C/C-D, F 2H = GF relay, 6+ 2S = 3S 2N = H stopper, 5+C-4D, denies 3S 3C = 21-23 1-suiter 3D = 6+C-4D 3S = was 3145 21 (4S = to play) 3N = was 1345 23 with H stoppers 3N = was 5431 8 HCP (UPH), great H stoppers, I'm guessing forgot since pd had 3S and passed 2H = was 2326 good 20 2S = was 5323 4 2N = was 2326 good 20 3S = was 5323 4, they got to a 5-2 spade game when 3N cold 2S = 18-20 3crd raise, was 3226/3433 2N = relay, was 5242 8 3C = was 3433 18 with xxx C 3S = was 4144 7 (3N = was to play) 2N = 18(+)-20 bal or 1444, denies 4S (denies 3S now?) 3C = was 5125 3H = was 2434 (3N = was 5125) 3H = 5+S, any strength (3S = accepts even with 1 crd [3N c.o.g.]) 3S = 4S-5+m, sing. H (3N = to play) 3C = 18-20 1-suiter? 1S = no M, 0-11 (or 5440), may be stronger if doesn't want to declare NT (later X = 7+ general) (X) - can bid normal 1N/2N if have S stopper (1N = majors) X = was good 18 bal, 2D = was nat min (2H) - X = 18+ (3C = was 5C 4 HCP) Pass = was 4135 14, 3235 18 (partner's X = 7+ even at 3-level) 2S = was 4117 15 1N = 15-18(-), may be 4414 2C = to play, 5+C 2D = to play, 5+D 2H = 7-11, no H stopper (2S = H val not S [2N = min w/ S stop], 3C = to play) 2S = 7-11, no S stopper (2N = s/o attempt) 2N = invit. 3D = invit. 6crds 3H = GF, sing. H, 5-4 minors 3S = GF, sing. S, 5-4 minors 2C = 5C-4other unbal, or 6+C, 15-17 (once xx xxx KQJx AKQx) (2S) X = cards, even with fit and short S 2H = no stop H, invit+ (3C = to play) 2S = H stop, no S stop, invit+ (they forgot 2nd time) (3C = s/o no S stop mb 5crds, 3D = nat no S stop) 2N = invit 3N = tip top, prob C help, major stoppers 2D = 4+C-4+D, was 4144 19/20 2S = was 2362 10 (3S = was 4144 no alert [4D = sets D]) 3C = was 2335 3 (3S = was 4144 20) 2H = 23+ HCP NT or 6+C-0/2 D 18-20, or 21+ with C 2S = relay, any strength 2N = 23-24(-) bal 3D = was 3352 7 3H = had D fit, no S stop (4N = quant) 3N = 24(+)-26 bal, may have 4M (4N = 4-4 minors quant.), but was 23 3253 once (4C = was 2245 [4D = was 3253]) 2S = was 2245 18 2N = was 3253 max 3D = was 2245 18 (4D = sets D) 2N = 18(+)-20 4D = slamtry D, necessarily mild (was 2362 9), cues for D 3H = was 2416 3 losers (5C to play) 1N = 10+, any 4432/4333/5m332, GF, perhaps optional to show major first or not if positional (2H) Pass = was 4324 15 (X = was 4342 12, passed) 2C = balanced/4441, or 17+ 1-suiter (3226 20 once) 2D = 13+ 2H = 15-17, 4H 2S = 4S (3S = sets S) 3C = was 3235 13 [3H = was cue mild C fit] 3H = sets H 2S = 15-17, 4S, denies 4H (3N = min, to play) 2N = 18+ any shape, (3C = Baron, 3H = 5C [3S ok with cue]) 3C = was 3325 17, limited to 17 (cf 2N) (3N = to play mb 14) 3H = was 2344 15-17 (4C = sets C) 3S = was 3244 17 3N = 33(34) 15-17 (4C = 4+C asks fit [4D = yes and cue]) 2H = 10-12, 4H 2S = was 4333, 4144 18 2N = was 3433 10 (3D = was 4144 18) 3D = was 2452 3C = was 3226 20 (3N = was 3442 12 [4C sets C for cues or mb Q Turbo (only C poss)]) 3H = was 3433 16, promises H 3N = to play, denies 4S 2N = 10-12, denies a major, was 2335 3C = 10-12, was 3325 (3N to play) 3N = to play 2H = was 2425 minimum x2, 2416 18 2S = relay, was 4324, maybe shows C fit (see below) 3C = was 2425 minimum 3D = ? 3H = was 2425 minimum 2N = relay, was was 3343/4333 13 3S = was 2416 18 (4C sets C) 3N = was 2425 minimum 2S = was 4S any strength, 5+C ? 2N = relay 3C = was 4135 17, 4126 15 (3D = cue with C fit [3H = was 4126 15, 3S = was 4135 17]) 3D = was 4342 minimum 3N = was 4225 minimum 3C = was 2353 3D = was 4225 18 2N = 14-16, 5C-4D 3C = 14-16, 6+C 1-suiter (bid stoppers or 3N = to play) 3D = 6C-4D 17-20 (4C = fit) 2C = GF 5+C (not 5332), but was 4414 recently 2D = bal or nat 2H = was 1426 14, prob 4H-5+C 2S = was 4333 18 (3S = was 1426 14 then clubs trumps) 2S = 5+C-4S 2N = descriptive, maybe with 3C (4N = quant) 3C = was 2236 12, 3127, 3217 12, 3028 8 3D = ? had D stop with/without M stop (3S = had S stop, short H, got to clubs x2) 3N = to play, was 3352 4C = sets C, was 5233 20 3D = was 2245 twice 3S = was 3433 no S stop (4C = had no S stop) 4C = sets C 3N = 6C-(322) 10-13 NF 2H = was 3415 14 2N = relay, was 4414 3C = was 3415 14 (3D R: 3H = was 3415 min) 2S = was 4225 14 3C = was 2416 (3S = cue for C, or maybe denies red stop) 2N = was 2353 3C = was 3145 3N = was 2353 2D = GF 5+D (not 5332) (2H) Pass = was 3433 16 with penalty so X = 18+? 2H = ART balanced; was 3442/4243 15, 2425 17, 3235 19 2S = relay, was 3361 min with S stopper 2N = was 2425 17 says nothing about S stop (3C = relay [3N = was 2425 17]) 3C = 5+D-4+side suit, 13+ HCP 3D = R (3N = 4+C NF) 3H = had 4H 3S = was 4153 12 (4D = sets D) 2S = was 4225 15 3D = was 2362 15 3H = was KJ9x Q9 AJ A9xxx (3N = was 2362 15) 2N = was 4432/3235 3C = was 1255 3D = was 4432, then 4C-4D... 3D = was 2362 3H = was 3235 16 with both M's stopped (3S = asks S stopper?) 3H = was 2452 3S = was 4432 (3N = was 2452 13) 3C = was 2317 minx2 3S = was 4252 no H stopper 4C = sets C, was 3163 2H = GF 5+H (not 5332) 2S = was 4135 min twice, 4126 15, promises 4S 2N = R (was 2713 12) 3D = was 4135 min (3H = was 2713 12 great suit [3N = was 4135 min]) 3S = sets S (3N = minimum) 2N = bal, says nothing about H, may have 4S 3C = 13+, 5H-4other, (3H = agrees H) 3D = was 1642/3613, 4621 15 (3H = was 3235 no S cue, 3S = was 4243, 3N = was 4243 with S cue thk messup) 3H = was 2524/1534 11, so 10-12 based on 3C above (4H to play) 3S = was 4621 16, 4522 13 (cues for H, 4H = to play mb 4) 3N = was 3523, to play 4H = 6H-4D 10-12 (cues for H) 3C = was 3226 17 3H = was 4630 min, think just shows 6+H (3S = was 3226 [3N = was 4630 min, then cues H]) 3D = 5+C-4D, any strength (3S = was 4621 12 [3N to play had stiff H], 4D = sets D for cues) 3H = was 2326 min (cues) 2S = GF 5+S (not 5332) 2N = balanced, even with 3S ** this part may have changed - bid shortness now? mb 3C shows 14+, and 3D+ are 10-12 based on suits 3C = was 5224 (4C sets C) -** recently was 5341 14 "sing or void" per a spec 3D = R, was 3136 18 (stiff Ace) 3S = was 5341 14 (not cue) 4C = was good cue for S, not sure if had been flagged so whether strength known 3D = was 7312/5143 ? (3S = had 2S, cues) 3H = was 5422 3S = 3S (3N = minimum, then cues) 3S = 5S-4D 10-13 (4C = cue for S) 3C = 5+C unbal, prob denies 3+S (see 3S below) 3D = was 5242 (4D = had 4D but ended in 6C) 3H = was 6430 (4H = 4H) 3N = to play 3D = was 0256 3H = was 1426 3S = was 3217 min (3N min) 2N = GF 5M-332 3C = asks which 3D = 5H, 10-12 3H = 5S, 10-12 3S = was 3325, 3244 3N = was 3532 (4S = quant to 4N? think they had a mixup) 3N = to play 3S = 5H, 13-15 (4C = H flag/cue) 3N = 5H, 13-15 4C = 5H, 15+ 4D = 5S, 15+ (4S = to play) 3C = GF 5C-5other 3D = asks which (3N = D) 3D = GF 5D-5H, 10-14 4C = nat, no fit (4N = s/o) 3H = GF 5+H-5+S 3S = fit, cues (do not show which shortness) 3S = GF 5S-5D Handling Interference: (X) Pass = was 4234 bust, 3(42)4 6, 2353 4, 2326 4, 4432 2 (force not set up at any level) XX = 6+, activates inverted doubles (1y) 3C = minmum but extra tricks 1D = 4+H, 0-9 (1S = nat unbal I think) 1H = 4+S, 5-9 (1S = 4crds) 1S = 5+C, 6-9, denies 4M (1D) Pass = 0-5 (later X by opener = takeout or 18+ [foll by cue = GF], balancing 1N = just 15-18, free 1N/2N = 19-20, free 1S = unbal C-S) X = 6+ HCP, 0 or 1 majors (1H) 1S = nat 14-17 mb bal (1S) Pass = may have perfectly normal 1N rebid, so maybe 1N implies more? (3C = nat NF no major) (2D) opener does not bid a major with an average hand (X by re: = bid something) 1H = was nat min (1S = was 4234 8 [1N = was 3433 16 NF]) 1H = 5+S, may be 6S-4red 1S = was 3433 17 (shows 3fit) (2H = general GF) 2C = was 1228/2416 min [2D = was nat GF, 2S was s/o] 2S = 4fit 1S = 5+H, normal resp strength, F1 (2C = nat, 2H = was 15 3fit, 2N = 18[+]-20 [3S nat], later retransfer to H possible) 2C = 5+C, F1, was ATxx Jxx x AJTxx 2D = both majors, 4+ 4+, competitive or better (1H) Pass = 0-5 later X by opener = takeout or 18+ later X by re = takeout 3-5 balancing 1N = just 15-18 [either 5m ok) free 1N = 19-20 jump = distr min X = 4-5S (2H) 4S = was 4117 min, no support X/XX 1S = 3crds NF 1N = 15-18[-] 1-2S, or bad 3S with H stopper (2N invit) 2S = 4crds NF (3D HSGT) 3D = was 1246 17 1S = denies 4+S, could have H stopper, promises enough for game opposite 18 1N = 15-17 NF 2D = weak 2C = could be good 4 if no H stopper (3C NF) 2H = general GF, even with H stop, had 3433 24 (3C = was 5C no H stop) 2N = was 4333 18 3N = was 20 1N = was 3442 7 with good H stops 2C = 5+C, F1 (2S = was 4144) 2D = 5+D, F1 2H = 6+S, can be weak, (BPH must be weak) "+ cue bid H" - had void (3H) 3S = was 3244 17, 4N = Turbo for S 3S = was 3fit 19 4S = was 3415 16 2S = GF bal, half or full H stopper (2N = had stopper twice) (1S) Pass = 0-5 later X by opener = takeout or 18+ [2N by re scramble] later X by re = takeout 4-6 1N = just 15-18 [either 5m ok] free 1N = 19-20 X = 4 or 5 H, 6+ HCP, possibly 6H 4-7 HCP, 3541 8 (no supp X) (2S) 2N = 2335 18 [3H = was 2542], 3H = min NF, 4H = was 17 bal 2C = nat, may have 4D-5C, min (2S = was 4531 8 no stop) 2N = 18+-20 3H = 18+-20, fit 1N = nat 2C = 5+C, F1 2D = 5+D, F1, mb as weak as 7 (2S) 3D = was strong NT 15-17 NF 2H = was 6H 8-10 HCP, forcing, 5H-4C 9 (7-10 HCP has X'd instead, hmm) (3C = was min sol suit, 3H = was 17 4fit) 2S = was 4342 9 with good S stops, 3343 10 with stop, 3244 11 no stop (3N = was 3433 17 with stops) 2N = was 16 bal with stop (1N [strong]) X = 7+, but does not set up forcing passes (1N [art]) X = 7+, was 3613 9 (2C [majors]) X = was 3442 7 (does not set up a force, op must cue to do so) 2H = limit+ C raise (2C [natural]) Pass (Pass) 2D = natural 5D-(332) 15-18 NF (2D [natural]) X = was 5521 1 so prob negative (3D) X = cards (2D [majors]) X = was 1354 8 (2D [multi for a major]) X = was 5323 10, 3433 9 (3H [p/c]) 4D = was 1345 20 (2H) X = neg (does not set up force, so 2N NF, 3N = was 19-20), had weak 5S once 2S = F (3D = was 4D-6C GF) 3H = 6+S GF, was 6124 9 (3S sets S) (2S) X = negative, might only have 3H, sets forcing pass (later X's takeout) 3H = minimum NF (3C [nat]) 3D = nat, GF (3D) X = neg (4D = pick a M) 3H = 5+S, F1 (pd thought 6S and jumped to 4S with doubleton, 4C = nat) 4D = 5-5 majors (3S) X = neg (was 3433 10) 4H = was 2632 6, alerted Third/Fourth Seat adjustments: 2/1 invitational ******************** 1D Opening Responses ******************** 1H = 4+H, 0-9 (1S) Pass = was 4252 16 (X = was 1534 9) X = 18+ (what is 1N?) (2S) X = 18+ (takeout X by responder) 1S = 5+D-4S (forcing?), was 4360/4351 16 2C = relay, 6+ 2H = was 4351 16, promises 3H 2D = to play, was 6-7, doubleton twice, but once with 3S so maybe courtesy 3H = was 4360 16 2N = invite 1N = any 18+ unbalanced 2C = 6-9 HCP relay, GF 2N = 18-20, 6-(322) 3H = was 4603 (3S = had 2H) 3C = was 1255 21 3D = was 3-fit (3H = 4th suit or advance cue) 2D = 0-5, 2+D 2C = 14-17 nat, 5+D-4+C, may have 3H 2D = to play, mb 2D-3C 5 2S = was 3523 9 with S stop, AQ QJxxxx Txx xx 2N = was 3154 16 w/ half S stop (3H = NF) 3S = was 17, sAx, maybe xfer to 3N, pd bid 3N with QJx 2D = 14-17 nat, may have 3H 2H = was 6+H 7 3H = was Qx minimum 2S = was 4513 9 (3H = 3crds, was min) 2H = 4crd raise, 14-17, mb unbal 15 (3C = was xx AJT97 xx QTxx, 3H = was preempt but they thought invite) 2N = GF relay, was 3262 22 3C = was 2425 5 3D = was 3262 22 (3N = was 2425 5) 3D = had about 8 tricks, 2H 1S = 4+S, 0-9 (X) XX = had GF S raise 1N = any 18+ unbalanced 2C = 6-9 relay, GF 2D = was 3262 3C = was 4225 (3H = had Qx H) 2H = nat 2S = had 5224/5332, then nat 2N = was 5233 10 (3N = was 2452 18) 2N = 18-20, 6-(322) 3C = nat, was (31)54/1444 3S = had 5/6S, no H stopper 4C = was 4315 9 with Qxx H (cues) 3N = was SOL 7D, minimum, but misunderstanding 2D = 0-5, 2+D (2N = was 2254 21 [3S = was 5323 5 (3N to play)]) 2H = 5+S-4+H GF (since 1D-2D is same 0-6) 2S = was 2362 min (3C = was 5422 8 [event. got to 5-2 4S since just 1 club stop]) 2C = 4+C 14-17 2D = pref 2H = 4th suit forcing (was 5323/5305 9/10 with H stopper, so maybe relay) (X) Pass = was 2254 17 with Qx H (5C = to play so Pass denied 3S) 3D = denies 3S, was 2254 16 (no H stopper) 2N = invit 3S = invit 2D = 5+D 14-17, may have 3S and/or 4H 2S = 6+S or 5decent S with max, was 6322 8, NF (3S = was 3451 17) 2N/3D = invit 3C = was 5332 9 no C stop, 5323 9 with Qxx C, 5143 8 with C stop, 5224 10 no H stop - guess art invite 3D = was 2461 min, NF 3S = 3crd 3N = to play, may have 4H 3S = invit 2H = ?? 2S = 4crd raise, 14-17 2N = was 4324 8 (pd bid 4S with 4441 14) 2N = GF relay 3D = about 8 tricks 1N = no M, 0-9 (2H) 3C = was 4054 15 2C = Gazzilli: 14-17 natural, or any 18+ 2D = 6-9 relay 3C = 14-17 nat NF, but was 1354 21 recently (3S was AKx xxx Qxx xxxx, then 4H slamtry Q AQx AKTxx AQxx) 2D = nat 14-17, may be just 5 cards with a 4M, was 4252 16, 4450 14 2S = was 2335 9 (3N = was 4252 16) 2H/2S = ?? 2N = GF relay 3D = good suit, trick-based, but limited strength (4D = inv) 2C = GF, balanced OR clubs OR D raise 2D = was 3262/3154 16 2H = was 1435 3C = was 3154 3D = was 1435 2N = was 4324 2S = 4S any strength, was 4252/4144/4351/4153, 4351 19/21, 4153 13, 4360 3rd seat 2N = relay, was 2137 12, 3343 13 3C = 5D-4S 18+ (3D = R [3H = short C (4C = cue for D)]) 3D = 4153 (but was 4144) 14-17 ("shows 3 clubs") 3H = "relay" (3N = was 4153 13) 3N = 4252 14-16 (4D sets D) 3C = was 3226 10 (3D = was 4351 19) 3N = fast arrival 4S = to play 3C = was 3154 18, 2254 17 (3H was 1435 12 [3S had no S stopper], 3N = to play was 3343) 3D = was 3172 20, think cues now 2D = 5+S-4H, 2-6 (NF) 2H = was 2452 18 2S = was 6412 4 2N = R, was 2452 18 (3H = was 6412 4) 2H = GF, 5+H (not 5332) 2N = was 4351 18, thk relay 3C = was 2722 12 3D = was 4351, thk relay 3H = was 2722 12, then cues for H 3C = was 2155 (had misopened, had 11) 3H = was 3703 (4H = worst possible hand with singleton) 3D = was 3163 16, 2182 15 3H = was 2623, promises 6+H 4D = sets D 2S = GF, 5+S (not 5332) 3C = 4+C, denies 3+S, was 1354/1444/1255 3D = nat 3S = was 7123 (3NT = to play [4C = was 7123 and cue-bidding commenced ending in a jump to 6C by the 5crd]) 4C = sets C 3D = had 1273, 1174 14[SOL D] 3H = was 6403 11, prob implies just 4H since 1D-3C = 5S-5H (3N = was 1174 min, to play) 3N = to play (4C = cue for D[4N quant]) 3S = fit, was 4252 14 2N = GF, 5M-332 3C = relay, any shape (X) ignore 3H = was 5323 x3 (4S to play) 3N = no 3crd M, to play, was 2263 15 4D = sets D, great suit, cues 3C = 5H-5S GF (3N = to play) 3D = was 1354 5 3H = was 4441 20 (3S = was 1354 6, cues...) 3H = ? 3S = 5S-5C 11-14 Handling Interference: (X) XX = 6-7, may have fit or 4M, activates inverted doubles (X = 2-3 cards in their suit, Pass = long/short) (bid) X = extras 1H = was 3532 5, 2623 6 (2C) 2S = was 5161 13 2D = weak 3+D, may have 4M as judgement (1H) X = 4 or 5 S (bid) free 2S raise = 3-4 crds [no supp X] 1S = 3crds 2H = generic 18+ incl 3154 18 [2N = nat] 2S = 4crd, min 1S = takeout without 4+S 2C = 5+C F (2S = nat not reverse) 2D = 3-7(-) raise, mb 3 good cards 2H = 6+S (cf X) 3D = v. weak, 4+D (pd did not move with AQx xxx AQJ9xx A) (1S) X = 4 or 5 H 1N = was 4324 7 (2D = to play) 2C = 5+C, F, may be 7 HCP (2H = nat not reverse, 2N = was 16 with S stop [3S = was c.o.g.]) 2D = 3-7(-) HCP raise, mb 3 good cards (2S = was 21+ [3D signoff attempt]) 2H = 5+H, not GF (3D = NF) 2S = had 10 HCP 4D, no S stop (2C) X = neg, had 4S, may be 5S-5H 8 (2S = was 4351 min) 2D = 3-7(-) HCP raise, mb 3 cards, may be 4-4 majors, still bid majors nat to find 4-4 fit (X) XX = 18+ sets F pass (any) 3M = nat reverse 3D = pree, was 3253 5 3H = was 7crds 5 HCP (2H) 3D = GF, nat (2S) 3H = was 2632 8 (3C [C-H]) X = neg (3D) X = neg, might not have both majors (4D = strong, scramblish) Third/Fourth Seat Adjustments: 2C = invit, mb 3334 2S = was 4360 min (3N = was 3334 10) 2D = same 2S = 9-11 GF 5S (3H = not nec strong, was 2461 14) 2N = 5M332 10-11 (cont's the same) 3C = (same - 5H-5S GF) ******************** 1H Opening Responses ******************** 1S = 4+S, 0-9 (2C) 2S = was 4531 13 (2D) 3D = huge S raise (3S = superneg, 3N = eh, 4y = good) 1N = 15-17 balanced 2S = to play 2C = Gazzilli - 14-17 natural, or any 18+ 2D = 6-9 relay 2H = 5+H-4+C 14-17 2S/games = s/o 2N = invit (3C = 5-5 to play) 2S = 18+, 3S 2N = relay 3C = was 3514 3H = was 3631 (4H to play) 3H = sets H, was 5341 9 (4H to play) 3C = 18+ nat, denies 3S, was 1624 20 (3N = to play but had 2H) 3D = was 2542 18, 1543 18/20x2 (3H = had 3H, 3N = to play but had 2H) 3H = was 1732 21, 2713 18, good H (4m = cue with at least doubleton H was 9 HCP, 4H = s/o attempt) 2H = 0-5, 2-3H (2N = art, 22+ force [3H = double neg]) 2D = 5+H-4+D, max 17, preferred with 0544 2H = s/o attempt, may be 7 with doub 3C = 4SF (3N = was 0544 14) 3D = invite 2H = 6+H, max 17 2S = raise, was 4crds 13 HCP x3 (3C) X = was bal 10 (3H = was 4612 13) 2N = 18+, 5-5 or 6+-4 3C = relay, was 5 HCP 3D = was 2650 16 (4C = cue for D with just 3D so 3D 5-5?) 3m = 5H-5m, good 16-17, more based on tricks 3S = 16-18 value 1N = no 4M, 0-9 (X) 2D = was 2641 15 (3C to play) (2C) X = was 4531 19, prob just 18+ (2D) X = was 4504 21, prob just 18+ 2C = Gazzilli - 14-17 natural (4513 ok), or any 18+ 2D = 6-9 relay 2H = H-C or 4513, 14-17 2S = 3/4S, 18+ 2N = R (3S = 4crd S was 4522 [3N = to play]) 2H = 0-5, 2-3H 2N = 0-5, 5-5 minors 2D = 14-17 2S = inv. with 4+D (3D = to play) 3C = was 3145 7 (3D = to play) 2H = 14-17 (4H = was sharp 9 with Kx H) 2S = ? 2N = 18+, 5-5 or 6+-4 3C = relay, was 3244 8 3D = was 2551 good 18 (4C = cue for D was 3244 8) 3m = 5H-5m, good 16-17, more based on tricks 2C = 10+ HCP, balanced OR clubs OR H raise 2D = 4S, 11+ HCP, not yet GF 2H = was 3343 10, 2245 10, 3226 10 (NF probably opp 11-13) 2N = was 4522 19 GF 3C = was 4513 15/18 (3N = to play, 4C = was 2245 10 [promises 5+C, had no D stop]) 2N = GF relay, was 3424 12, 2344 18, 4234 15 3C = 4S-5H, 15+, sing. C 3D = relay 3D = 45(31) minimum, 12-14 3H = relay? (3N = was 4513 14, then cues for H) 3N = to play 4H = was 2425 11 4S = bal, minimum, to play (C not natural) 2H = 14+, 1-suiter or H-C (14-17? cf 3C), GF 2N = relay 3C = 4+C, was 1624 14, 1534 15, 2524 14 3D = was 2533 18, R thk (3H = was 2524 14 [4D = ART slamtry H had other cues so think only flag]) 3H = sets H, had 4C bal, cues...) 3D = was 2533/2523/1633 15/16 (3H sets H, 4H to play) 3H = 6+H, 0-2C, minimum 3N = shows 3532 (4H = s/o) 3C = was 2245 10 3H = was 3712 3H = was 1336x2, 4342 10 (3N = was 2533 good 16, 3532 15, think is the minimum 3N cue no S ctrl) 3N = was 4144 min 4H = no slam 2S = 14+, 4+D, GF 2N = R, was 3442 10 3C = was 3541 17 3D = R (was 3442 10 pd must still be unlimited) 3H = was 3541 17, not a cue (pd bid 4H with 3442 10) 3D = nat (3S = 4th suit) 3H = nat, was 3316 13 2N = any 18+ 5332, GF (3H = was 3442 11) 3C = was 3514/2524 18 (3H = was 4333 11 sets H ... cues, 3N = was 11 to play) 3H = was 3631 23 solid suit, 1732 14 great suit (cues for H, 4D had 13 4fit ) 2D = 10+ HCP, 5+D or 4D-5H 2H = GF, was 2632/1534/3613x2/3523 min, 3622 21 2S = 4S, was 4252/4162 3D = was 2632 (3H = had doub) 2N = relay, was 2254, 4252 10 3C = was 1534 min 3D = relay 3S = was 1534 3H = was 3613 min (3N to play) 3N = was 3523 min 3C = was 3154 (3D = was 3622) 3D = was 3073 (3N = was 3613 to play) 3H = was 3451 14 (cues, incl. the 3N minimum cue) 2S = 4S, any strength 2N = relay, incl. 5D-5C 10 3H = was 4612 (4C = cue for H) 3S = was 4513 18 (3N = to play) 3C = 4th suit forcing, was 3163 no C stop (descriptive cont's) 3H = sets H, says nothing about relative D-H length, cues (incl. 3N = minimum) 4H = min, was bal 2N = 18+ bal, 5+H 3C = R 3D = 3crd D (3H = strength/length relay [3S/3N/4C/4D = 18-19 5H/20+ 5H/6H same/6H same]) 2H = 2(+)-7(-) raise 2S = relay, was 4522 18 (3N = max 3(433)) 2N = some sort of invite, was 2542 19 4H = was 4423 4 3C = long suit game try (1525 17) 3S = was 0535 slammish, promises short S (cues) 2S = 10+, 5+S, GF 2N = relay, was 2533/2542/4531 3D = was 6133 (3S = had xx S but good controls) 3H = 4C, 10-12 (3N = may have 2S [cue = 6-4 12]) 3S = was 6313 9, promises minimum 3C = was 2524/1615 3D = was 5242/5233 min (4th suit?) 3H = promises 6H, was 1616 (4H = to play was doubleton 11) 3N = was 2524 3D = was 1552 18, 2641, 2542 16/19 3H = H fit, cues... 3S = was 7015 great S, huge hand, 6142 11 4C = ART sets S, was 2542 16 (cues) 4S = stiff S, to play (cues) 3N = even had 6S but good club stops, may have 2H 3H = was 1633, promises 6+H 3S = 3-4crd, not 5332 I think, incl. 4513 18, 35(41) 16 3N = minimum, artif., cues or s/o 4m = max, cue 2N = 5-9 4crd raise, 7-9 3crd, or 8-11 with sing., may have 5+S (X) ignore (3C) X = was 3523 18 [4C = was 4441 8], 4H = distrib. minimum, was 1552 13, sets Forcing Pass 3C = asks which 3D = 7-9, 3crd (cues) 3D = 14-16 invite, was 4522 14 twice / 2524 15 / 3523 15 / 4621 14 / 2542 15 (3H = declines invite, 3S = was 6511) 3H = ? (mb 12-13 with 5H-4S) 3S = ? 3N = was 3523 17 (4H = was 4crd unbal) 4H = was 2524 16, 0526 11 3C = 5-5 10-16 with spades (which minor?) - was 5125 3S = sets S, was 4513 (cues) 3D = 5-5 10-16 (which suits?) 3H = v. weak, distributional (4 unbal or 5 bal, e.g.) 3N = was 3460 9 4C = 2-3 ctrls, void in D, raise Handling Interference: (X) XX = 6+ (but recently passed with 7, maybe ranged upped since 1H mb light), may be 6223 GF 4H = minimal 1S = ?, maybe not strong 2C = to play 2D = ?? (passed with good 6crd D suit and 5 HCP recently) 2H = wk raise, not hopeless 2N = was 3415 6, 1534 7, some sort of lim raise 3H = was v. weak 3541 4H = was KQxxx bal w/ side jack (1S) X = was 3343 10 (1N = was 4513 16) 2C = was 6+ good C but 8 HCP (F1 but not GF) (2S = generic 18+ even with S stop so 2N prob NF) 2D = was GF, promises another bid at least ([2S] X = was 0724 15 xtra trix, 2H = was 6H 18) 2S = limit 4-crd raise, ** but recently was "3H, lim+" ** 2N = was lim+ 3-crd raise ** cf 2S ** (3H = was minimum) (4S) P re doubled with 8 3fit and pd passed since minimum 3D = was art mixed raise (4 HCP) 3H = v. weak (1 HCP?) 3N = GF 4-crd raise (2C) X = neg, was 4252 7 2H = about 4-7 HCP 3C = was 4crd 8 HCP raise, 4441 6 3N = H raise, was 4432 9 (2D) X = was 2245 13 (??) 2S = was 4513 11 (3N = was 2245 13) 2N = was 3-crd 9 HCP raise 3C = nat GF *WITH TOLERANCE(+) FOR HEARTS* 3D = was 4-crd 8 HCP raise 3H = v. weak pree (4414 0) (2H) 2N = was 3fit 9 HCP, promises fit 3D = nat, was 4351 14 (possibly GF with TOL for hearts as above) 3N = raise to 4H with cards, 4+H (2S) 2N = was 0355 12, 3424 7 (3S) Pass = NF, was 4522 11 (4m cue for H) 3C = nat GF, had H tolerance 3D = nat GF, had 3H 3H = v. weak (cf 2N) 3N = raise to 4H with cards, was 4H with 8, 13 (3D) X = was 6313 6 (3H = was 3523 16 and was passed there, making 4) Third/Fourth Seat adjustments: 1N = NF, mb 3145 9 2/1 = invit 2C = 5+C, or 4144, may have 3H or 4S (2D) Pass = was 4531 13 (2H = was 5C-3H 10 NF) 2H = GF, was 2533 16 (3H = was 4342 10) 2S = 4+D (3H = nat inv) 3H = was 2821 9.5 tricks (4C = was cue for H but had S cue) 2D = nat, stronger than 3163 8 (bid 1N with that), may have H fit 2N = was 2533 17 (3H = sets H, cues) 2N = same ******************** 1S Opening Responses ******************** 1N = 0-9 no 4S (2y) X = 18+, any distr. (cue = GF general) 2C = Gazzilli: 14-17 natural OR any 18+ 2D = 6-9 relay 2H = 18+, 3+H 2S = R, may be any shape, was 2245 7, 2335 2N = was 5332x2, denies 4H 3C = was 2335, no D stopper 3N = to play, was 2245 3H = was 5431/5422 (3N = to play) 3S = 6+S (cues for S) 3C = natural, was 2326 6 3H = 5+H, max (3N = min. no S cue) 3S = was 0742 7, mb splinter for H (4C = was 5332 19, H is trumps) 2S = 5+S-3+C, 14-17 3C = 18+, 5+S-4+C, 0-2H 3D = nat (3H stall) 3H = was 1624 (3N = was 5134 stiff Ace [5C to play]) 3N = to play, may have 2S 3D = 18+, 5+S-4+D, 0-2H (4C = cue for D) 3S = 6+S, denies 3+H (was 8crds 9 tricks or 6crds 7.5 tricks - good suit either way) 3N = to play 2H = 0-5, 5+H 2N = strong invite, 20+, NF 4m = cue for H, huge hand 2S = 0-5, 2(3)S 2N = 0-5, 5-5 minors (3S NF) 3C = 0-5, long C 2D = 4+D, max 17 2H = to play 2S = pref, signoff (3D = 5-5 max) 3H = invit, 6+H 4D = was 2263 5, NF 2H = 4+H, max 17, could be 6S-4H 2S = pref, signoff, tends to have some values (was as strong as 2344 8, NF) 2N = invite, was as weak as 2335 9 (3H = 5-5 min, signoff) 3C = to play 3H = invit (3S = 6-4) 4C = was 0544 8 with club cue 4H = was 2623 5, 1534 9 2S = 6+S, max 17 2N = invite, was 1543 8, NF 3D = nat invite, was 0472 8 2N = 18+, 5+-5 3C = relay (3D = 5S-5H, 3H = 5S-5C [4S = was doub],3S = 5S-5D) 4S = was 3343 2 HCP 3C/D/H = 5S-5y, good 16-17, more based on tricks 3S = was 7222 5 losers 2C = 10+ HCP, balanced (even longer D) OR clubs or S raise (even BPH) (2D) P = was alerted, was 6241 15, pd doubled with 3433 10 but was removed back to 2S 2H = was 5422 12, 5413 14 (4H min) (2H) P = was 6430 18 (4S = bare min) 3D = was 5-5 2D = 4+H, 11+ HCP 2H = ?, prob NF short S 2S = was 2164 11 recently NF 3N = was 5422 17 (4C = cue for S) 2N = GF relay, may be unbal with 3S-5+C, 5S-4C, 1444, 2434, 4153, 2353, 3433 3C = "maximum" was 5413 19 3H = sets H 3D = was 5440, 5431 14x2 3H = relay (3S = shows 5431 exactly) 4H = was 1444 11 with C wastage 3H = was 6403 10 (3S = was 3352 12 [3N = was 6403 10]) 3S = 5-5, may be 11, 5512 9 (4C = sets H, 4D = sets S, 4S = to play) 3N = 5422 minimum (4H = to play) 2H = 4+D, says nothing about S length, GF 2S = was 4225/4423 (3S = 6-4 max [cues (3N min?), 3N = 5242 max) 2N = R, was 4225/3334 12 (3D = was 5341 min [3S sets S], 3N = was 5242 15) 3D = was 1345 14 (3S = was 7240 12, shows 6+S [raised with stiff, even with 14...]) 3N = was 1444 12 good soft stoppers in other suits (4N = quant was 19) 4S = was 3433 11 2S = was 6124/6214/5125/5224/6(331)/6232/5(332) min, denies 4+D, think GF, also 6223 20 2N = relay, says nothing about S 3C = was 6134/6214/5224 min, alerted 6223 20 3D = R no S fit (3H = was 6223 20 [3N was random 11 no S cue pd jumped 6S], 3N = 5224 min) 3S = sets S 3D = was 5233 15 3H = R had no S fit (3N = was 5233 15 NF) 3S = 6+S 14-17, had 1-2 C(4C = cue for S) 3C = was 1336 (4C was 5125 min) 3D = was 1345 13 (4C = had 3fit short H) 3S = was 4333 10 2N = 17+ one-suiter, was mostly 5332. or 6223 18 recently 3S = was 3415 slammish, 4432 minimum (cues) 3N = to play, was 10 HCP 3C = was 5125 13/15/17, 6124 18, 6304 15 (, 5224 18 4th seat) 3D = relay 3H = was 5125 3S = was 6124 18 (4C = sets C) 3S = sets S, was just GF balx3 (3N = was min 5125/6304) 3N = to play, had 2S 2D = 10+ HCP, 5+D, GF, even without major fit (2H) X = was 5224 14 (2S = was 4351 12, sets suit) 2H = 4+H, 11+ 2S = was 3253 11 (F?) 3D = was 5431 11 (4S = no slam) 2N = relay, any shape (GAR) 3C = 5-4, 15+ (3D = relay [3N = 5422]) 3D = was 5413 12 (probably 5-4 unbal) 3H = 6+S-4H, was 6403 13 (probably 11-14 as... 4S = min to play) 3N = 5422 11-14 3C = 4th suit GF, no C stopper (3S = 6+S) 3D = was 2272 3H = sets H, was 3460 10 (cues for H) 2S = was 6124/6313/5224/5215/7231/6322 minimum (4S = minimum) 3C = was 0355/0454 3D = was 7231 (3N = to play) 3S = was 6313 3D = was 2263 12 3S = was 3271 9 (3N = was AQJTxx AJx Qx xx, think the minimum 3N since pd signed off) 4C = splinter for S, mb void with 3fit 2N = 17+ bal? 3C = was 5215 14 3D = was 2182 (3N = to play) 3D = was 5053 14 (3S = sets S was 4153 10) 2H = GF, 10+ HCP, 5+H 2S = denies 3H, was 8122, 6142 15 3C = was 0535 slammish, 2524 12, thk nat (3D = 4th suit [3S doub], 3S = was 8122 [ 3N = to play]) 2N = 3+H (incl. 5332 18, 6322 17), cf 3H 3C = rel, any hand (3S = 6S-3H, 4C = shows 53 18+, cue) 3D = was 5152/5251, 5242 15 (3N to play, 4S = bad for slam) 3H = 3+H, 14+, may be 6-4, cues for H (3S = was Kxx [4C = was 5431 15, 3N = min]) 4H = was 5422 13, 6412 11 2S = 2(+)-7(-) raise (with less and 3fit bid 1N) (X) 3D = was dAKQx game try 2N = relay 3C = was 3244 6 3S = min 3N = 3(433) not min 2N = raise, 5-9 4 crd, 7-9 3-crd, or 8-11 with sing. (X) ignore (bid) does not set up a forcing pass 3C = relay 3D = 7-9, 3S 3H-3N-cues... 3N = c.o.g. 5(332) 4C = was 6214 20 no H cue 3H = 7-9, 4+S (4C = was serious cue) 3D = 14-15 without 4+H, art (3S = min NF, 3N = 4S 7-9, 4S = 3S max) 3H = was 5422 min/16, 5431 14, 5413 14/15 (3S = signoff, 4H = to play, 4S = was 4351 8) 3S = 5+S-4+H 11-13 3N = was 5233 16, all side suits stopped 4S = to play (5413 14 e.g.) 3C = 5C-5H 10-15 (3N = may have 6S if good D) 3D = 5D-5H 10-15 3H = relay (was 6340!) 3S = short S (was 0553), not sure how suit is set 3H = 5D-5C 10-15 3N = was 5332 10 4C/4D = D/H void splinter, 2/3 controls Handling Interference: (X) XX = 7+, but passed with 7 recently, maybe range was upped for XX since 1S mb light, may have 3+S 2S = was 3crd 5-6 HCP, alerted 2N = was 4342 6, 3226 7, 3235 8, probably same as if no int (3D = was 6232 14 and bid game with 8, 3S = signoff) (2C) X = negative, was 5 2N = was 8 HCP 3fit 3N = GF 4crd raise (2D) 2H = was 6H 6 HCP, did not set up force 2S = was 3334 6 2N = 3crd invit+ raise 3D = was 5332 12 (3N was 5323 15 with H and S cues so maybe nat?) (2H) X = negative, may be 3244 11 (3D = was 5143 17) 2S = was 3334 with just Ace (4 HCP) 2N = was 4S 7 HCP 3S = weak (2S [michaels]) later opener's X is extra strength/takeout (2N [minors]) Pass = could have 7 (judgement) X = could have 6 (judgement) 4S = mb 7 HCP 5crd (3C) X = neg (3D = nat) 4C = non-pree. raise to 4S (3D) 3N = to play Third/Fourth Seat adjustments: 2C (can be bal 3crd 9-10 HCP, even with 3fit) 2D = shows H, was 5413 19x2 (2N = was 3433 12, 3H = was 2443 10, sets H) 2S = GF, was 6232 16, 5323 16 [no D stopper] (3S = was 4333 10, 4S = was 3424 9) 2N = was 16 5332, 18 6223 (3S = was 3253 10, 4432 11 [3N = to play, 4C = cue]) 3C = was 5224 18 (3S = was 4333 10) 2D = semi-GF 2H = GF (since if partner minimum then has 4+H) 4S = was bash 7222 13 good suit 2N = same ******************** 1N Opening Responses ******************** With 4441 14, opening 1D may be chosen instead of 1N. 2C = Stayman, at IMPs any 10 HCP will do, also may be a psyche with v. weak hand (rare) (X) Pass = C stopper (re redoubles and continue normal) XX = to play (re 2D is garbage) bids = normal but no C stopper (X by Stayman bidder is takeout) (2D) (3D) X = had cards with xx D 2H = had 4H with AQ D (twice!), not 4S (2H) op's X = takeout (since had 5 great H and passed) (2S) re's X = was penalty (3C) 3M = good 5crds 2D = no M 2H = relay to 2S, could be 5+S-4+H weak, or GF 3415 et al 2S = forced Pass = 5+S-4+H weak 2N = was 1354 minimum GF 3C = was 2335 with Ax S 3H = was 1354 2S = relay, was 17+ bal, 19 4414 3C = was 3352, but recently was 3235 showing C 3D = ? at some pt D was set 4C = sets C, was 4414 19 3S = was 3244 max (4D sets D) 2N = invite, might not have 4M (was 5314 inv in BBowl) 3C = nat GF, was 2425, 3406 14 (3N = was 3352, 4C = big fit) 3D = was 2461 GF, 3262 16 SOL D 3H = was 3235 no S stopper and pd bid 5D with xx S 3N = was KQT Ax xxx Kxxxx 3H = 5+H GF, 1-suiter or 4S-5H (was 4522 12, 2812 13, 3532 16) 3S/4m = cues with H fit 3N = no fit (4C = auto-cue for H) 3S = was 5422/5404/7114/5305 GF, 5233 16 3N = doubleton spade once 4C = was 2344, ended in S 4D = was AJx xx AQTxx xxx (4S = to play was bare min) 3N = to play 4S = to play, 6S-4+other for whatever reason 2H = 4+H 2S = relay, asks strength/shape, may be invit with 4S, may be slammish, may be 7141 slammish (X) Pass = no agreement, think 3/4 S 2N = min, not 4S, NF 3C = relay 3H = 5H (3S = cue for H [3N min]) 3N = was 3424 3S = was 7141 14 (4C = cue for S was 3fit) 3N = to play 4H = to play 3C = max, 4+C 3D = max, 4+D 3H = sets H, cues 3S = was 4144 no alert (looking for S fit if op 4441?) 3N = was 2452 (4C = cue for D) 3H = max, 5H (even 2524) (3N/4H = to play, 4C cue for H) 3S = min, 4-4 majors, not 44(41) (4C = sets H) 3N = max, 4-4 majors, not 44(41) (4C was 2245 slammish) 2N = inv, no major 3C = was 3235 18, 1327 13 3D = was 2542, or 3442 with good side stops (4N = quant, 5m = to play) 3D = nat GF 3H = invite 3S = was 6+S balanced slammish x2 (4C = was 3442 cue) 4m = great hand, H fit, cheapest cue (short or honor or length ok), Turbo 2S = 4+S (3C) 3S = pree 2N = invit (3S = max, 5S) 3C = GF relay, may have S fit or minors 3D = 4+D, may have 5S (3H = was 3325 16 [3N = was 4243], 4D = sets D) 3H = 4333 (4m = sets m) 3S = was 5(332) (4C = S cue, 4D = was 4054 slammish [4H = was last train for S]) 3N = was 4225/4(32)4 any strength (4C = sets C, 4D = cue for S even with C cue, 4N = quant) 3D = was 2461 11 3H = 6+H, at least mild slam interest ** but was 3541 no slam recently (4H = 3fit) 3s = 5S (4C = cue) 3N = to play (auto-cues) 3S = invite 4m = great hand, cheapest cue (short or honor ok), Turbo 5m = to play, does not promise 4H, probably short H 2D = transfer, 5+H, or 5M GF, or 4H-5+m invite (recently was 5422 10 also) (X) Pass = 2H (XX = retransfer) 2H = 3-4H, or maybe Ax (2H) X = had max, Axx H 2H = accepts transfer Pass (any)... X = takeout (2N = scramble) (2S) X = cards 2S = transfer to 2N 2N = forced 3C = 5M-3oM-1D-4C, GF (3D = relay [3S = 5S]) 3D = 5M-3oM-4D-1C, GF 3H = relay (3S = 5S) 4S = to play, 5S 3H = was 5422 GF, promises 5S 4S = had 4S 3S = 51(43), c.o.g. ? 3N = 15(43), c.o.g. 2N = invite 3m = 4H-5+m invite 3H = invite (had 4S but so did op and they weren't mentioned) 3S = 5+S-5+H slamtry (4D = sets S?, 4S = s/o) 3N = c.o.g. 4C = 5+-5+ H-C slamtry (4D = cue, had C fit) 4D = 5+-5+ H-D slamtry (4H = to play) 4H = to play, was aceless bal 14, was it looking for perfecto superaccept? 2S = 4-5H, short C (2N = was 2524 mild slamtry [3H min], 4D = retransfer) 3C = was 2452 (Ax clubs) avg, soft 14 KJxx C (3D = retransfer), prob short S 3H = min 4H, or max 4333 2H = 5+S transfer (could be 4S-5+other invite) (X) Pass = 2S (2S = to play, XX = retransfer) XX = was 1444 (3D = was 5242 11 and pd passed) 2S = 3S or maybe Ax 2S = accepts transfer (3C) 3N = need not have C stop 2N = 5S invite (3D = declines, was 2452) 3m = 4S-5+m invite 3H = 4S-5+H invite 3S = invite 3N = c.o.g. 4m = 5+S-5+m slamtry 4H = 5+S-5+H c.o.g. 2N/3m = working doubleton next higher suit, 4S (3H retransfer) 3S = was 5233 sub-minimum, 4342 max with xx clubs 2S = transfer, many possible hands, incl. 5-5 minors GF, 5H-5D invit, 5S-5H 11 (X) later X by responder = takeout invite 5-5 2N = forced 3D = 5H-5D inv 2N = transfer: signoff minor, or 5-5 non-touching invite (X) P = was max, Axx D 3C = forced Pass = C s/o 3D = was v. light invite, 6+D (4S = cue with bid D fit) 3H = H-C invite 5-5 3S = S-D invite 5-5 3N = was 16 with 6 SOL clubs no short, NF (4S = was 3fit with 5 good S) 3C = asks 5-crd major or 5422, not used if just looking for 4-4 fit (X) Pass = C stopper (XX continues), bids = normal without C stopper 3D = denies 5m-4M 3H = 3H, may have 3S (had various 5m332's not nec slammish) 3S = 5S 3N = no 5M (4D = 5crd F [particularly over X of 3C]) 4C = cue with 5H 3S = 3S, denies 3H (usu. sing or bad doub) 3N/4S = to play 3H = 5C-4M 3S = was 2452 3M = 0-1 oM, 5-4 minors, GF 4m = South African Transfer to 4M (X) 4M completion = was misfit with control Handling Interference (X direct = pen) Pass = asks partner to pass if 4333, may be weak no 5crd suit, or any 8+ (these bid later) (2any) Pass (P) X = takeoutish, usu. 2-3 crds, 8+, may be 5-4 2N = minors (if over a major) (2S) X = takeoutish 8+, was 3523 and pd bid 2N with xx AQxx AQxx xxx no stoppers anywhere Pass = any 4333 XX = any 44 or 54, later XX by either side SOS Pass = 8+ 2C = weak C+higher, or any 4333 (2D = p/c) 2D = weak D+higher 2H = 4+S 4+H weak 2y = 5-crd suit 1-suiter, may judge to do this if good 5 card suit and weak 4 card suit XX/2C/D/H = transfer to 5+crd suit, may be 2-suited, usually signoff (may superaccept) (X) complete transfer = mb 2 cards (mb Pass shows 1444?) later responder can compete to 3-level non-invite, even reverse with 6-5 *[runouts may be natural opposite a 1N overcall: (1D)-1N-(X)-2C = nat] (X balancing = pen) Pass XX = scrambling, 2m = natural 2C = judged to bid NV with 2335 great suit 2H = judged to bid NV with 2524/2542 2S = judged to bid NV with 5233 (2C = any suit[s]) X = values 4M = to play (2C = majors) Pass = weak, or about 10 HCP with no major stack (double later) X = stack for at least one major? was KQx Qxx xxx Kxxx (3C by op NF 5 crds) 2D/3C = to play 2H = clubs, lim+ 2S = diamonds, lim+ (3D = neg) (2C = S + another) 2D = to play (2D = majors) X = general strength (activates pen X's) (2D = H) X = values but not F (later X takeout both sides) (P) Pass = had 2542 2H = was 5233 12 no H stopper (pd thought meant strong without 4S and so re: jumped to 4S) 3H = 5+S GF, no H stopper (*but see 2H recently) 3N = has stopper (2D = multi) (2M p/c) X = takeout both sides 3D = nat, F (2H [nat]) P (P) X = takeout X = takeout, may be GF with 5S, does not set up forcing pass 2N = was long good D suit (forces 3C then bids 3D), prob. invit. (2H = S) X = 4+H, was 10+ HCP and pd can raise to 4H over 2S 3S = 5+H GF, no S stopper 3N = has stopper (2S [nat]) X = neg (must pass with penalty, mb opener will reopen with t/o X) does not set up forcing pass (3S) X = takeout 3D = had hKxxx dAJxx 2N = puppet to 3C, includes GF with long D (rebid 3D) 3S = 5H (was 5H short S - pd bid 4H with 3 hearts) (2y balancing) passable takeout X's by both sides natural X by opener over art 2y (3C) 3D = nat GF (3D) 3H = 5+S, invite+, was 5S-4H GF, 6322 10 (3S = 3+S NF) 4D = 5-5 majors ******************** 2C Opening Responses ******************** 2D = invit+ relay, asks for 3+crd major - could be 4-4 majors weak gambling on better fit (X) 2H = was 1435 (2S) Pass = could be penalty of spades (bal X = takeout passable) X = takeout (passable) with 4H 3C = was 1246 (pd 4H to play) (3D) X = takeout, 3H = nat was 3406 10 2H = 3-4H 2S = 5+S GF 2N = was 1435 3C = was 2326 no D stop, denies 3S 3D = was 1345/1444 max (3N/4S = s/o) 3H = 1435 (4C = sets C) 3S = shows 3S assume? 2N = R, denies 5+S 3C = 6+C 3D = relay 3H = 4H-6+C(4H to play) 3S = was 2317 3N = 3H exactly, was 3316/2326 (4C = sets C, 4D = H flag) 3N = to play 3D = was 1345 3H = 1435x3 any strength(3S = cue for H [3N min]) 3S = was 3415 any strength (promises 4H) 4D = was ART H slamtry (since had C cue) 3C = NF, had 4S 3D = was nat, F (3H = was 1426 no S stopper [4H = sugg Moysian]) 4M = to play 2S = 3-4S, could be 4405/3145/4135/4126/3226/4117 2N = relay, any shape 3C = 6+C (was 4126/3226/4117) 3D = relay (was 2533 13) (3S = was 4117) 3S = was 5431 GF (4S = to play, was min) 3H = was 4315 min twice, 4315 max, or 4405, promises 4S and 3H (4M = to play) 3C = NF 3D = nat, F (3H = denies 4S was 3226) 3S = was 6331 GF 3N = was 3145 4M = to play 3C = was 2236/2227 min 2H = nat NF constructive (2S) Pass could be 6 nice clubs unbalanced with doubleton spade, but was bare minimum (3D) 4H = was 1426 2S = was 4135 min (3C = s/o) 2N = was 3136 max (3D = to play) 3C = to play, was 3136 min 3H = was 4315 11, NF 4H = was 0445 min 2S = nat NF constructive 2N = was 2326 with solid clubs, 2236 max v. good clubs, 1345 12 bad clubs 3H = nat, was 11 3S = nat NF, was 8/11 3S = courtesy 4S = was 3415 12 2N = 5+S-4+H invit (4M = to play) 3C = pree, 3+C 3D/H/S = 7+ crds invit 4C = pree/to play 4H = to play Handling Interference: (X) Pass (Pass) XX by re: = SOS over balancing X Pass (bid) 3H by opener may be 4 or 5 cards but highly distributional XX = was 7222 10, 5233 10, 2443 11, 2533 13 (if would relay, XX) 2D = nat NF 2H = was 6H 10, NF 2S = nat NF 3C = pree 4C = was good pree vul (2D) X = neg, at least one major usually, not nec. invit (later C raise constr. NF) (2H) Pass -> Op can reopen for takeout X = neg but if light will have 3+C (2N = nat, was x Kxx KQxx Axxxx, xx KJx Jx AQJxxx; 3C = was 2245) 2S = F 3C = to play (2S) X = neg but if light will have 3+C (2N = was QT xx Qx AKxxxxx, 3H = was 4H-6C min), may be invite with 6+H 3C = to play 3S = was Qxxx Axx J QJxxx (2N = natural) 3S = was 5314 8 good suit (4D [D + M]) Pass = may have normal takeout of a major (double later) X = cards? (they bid, we balance) X = takeout, both sides ******************** 2D Opening Responses ******************** 2H = GF relay, asks for short major, OR INVITE with 4+H (X [= H]) 2S = was 4153 (continued as normal) 3N = was 3460 11 with T987 H - likely means same as if no X (2S) Pass = could have 6D min, could have 4S min (X by Re = takeout) 3C = nat, was minimum 3H = nat, was avg 5D-4H but conc. 3S = was 0454 max 2S = short H: 3154 any, 4153 any, 3055 11, 2164 12, 2155 9 (X) 4H = to play 2N = GF relay, any shape, even with 6+H 3C = shows clubs, was 3154 any strength, 3055 11, 2155 9 Pass = misfit city! 3D = relay 3H = was 3154 12 (3N to play) 3s = was 3055 11, 2155 9 (5D-5C?) (3N = to play) 3N = explained as 6+D-4+C short H, but F thought was 3154 (4C = fit) 3D = to play 3H = was 4153 any strength, denies 2H (4D = sets D) 3S = 6D-4+S (was 5062 min) 4D = not sure, was 1723 slammish and now 4H pd was explained "no Ace") 2N = no short major: 6(322), or 5+D-4+S-2+H (or 7222?) 3C = relay, if min then 4+S or D fit (X) XX = max 6322, no C stop (3S = normal and had cA) 3D = 6332 minx2 3S = was 4270/4261 (4D = sets D had no C cue, 4S = to play) 3N = 6332 max 3D = was 3415 12, likely NF 3S = 4S-6+D, 2-3H 3H = was 2614 good 9 (3N = was 3262 no C stopper) 3C = short S, 4+C, denies 4H, was 0364/1354x4/(12)55 min 3D = NF, but was GF relay recently 3H = was 1354 min (4C = sets C) 3S = 4th suit essentially) 3N = to play 3D = 6+D, short S or C (2-3H), any strength (3H = R [3S = short C was 3361 (4H s/o),3N = short S was 1363], 3S = 5crds) 3H = 5D-4H low short 3S = 5D-4H high short, any strength (4C = H flag, 4D = sets D, 4H to play) 3N = 6D-4H, says nothing about shortness (5D = to play) 4H = was 4441 max 2S = invite exactly, 4+S (3H) X = max, says nothing about majors 3S = was 3451 min 2N = denies 3S, was 2362/2173, 0355 11, 1453 10 3C = nat NF, was 5224 good suits (5C = suprise 0355) 3D = NF 3H = was 5413 GF (3S = had Ax) 3C = was 1354 max (4D invit) 3D = NF, was minimum 1561, medium 2263 2N = transfer, clubs, or 5M F, or 5H-5S F 3C = forced Pass = clubs s/o 3D = asks for 3crd major, could be 5S-5H, 4S-5H or bal slammish 3H = had good H fit (cues) 3S = was 3163/3154 (3N to play) 3S = 5S, F, was 5233 14 once (3N = to play even with no C stop) 3D = was 2263 min 3H = 5H F (4H = was Ax) 3C = 5+S-4H (or 6+-5+), invit 3D = ** 5H-5S invit ** 3M = invite, 6+ crds, may be light if distributional 4D = pree/to play 4M = to play Handling Interference: (X) Pass (Pass) XX = SOS by re over balancing X XX = strong, even with 3343 (2S) X = max or good shape 3D = min, 6+D 3D = pree, 3+D 4D = pree/to play (2H) X = neg but does not promise 4S (op rebids side suit even with 7-4) 3C = was long suit, good 9 3D = to play 3H = incl. slamraises (2S) X = neg but does not promise 4H (op rebids side suit even with 7-4, 2N = was 4351 [3D to play]) 2N = had QT9 Qxx AQxx xxx, does not set up forcing pass 3C = BPH = nat NF 3D = to play 4S = splinter raise (Was void with 5D) (3C) X = neg, was 4432 (3S = 4crd) (3D) X = cards, not lead-direct (4S) X = negative/optional Passed Hand Adjustments: (2S) 3C = nat NF for some reason that hadn't preempted 2H = nat, max passed hand, NF (4H to play) ******************** 2H Opening Responses ******************** 2S = asks for a minor - can easily be v. weak 3244 type, or any invite+ hand (X) 3C = was 3505 11, pd passed with light invite 2N = 6+H, denies 4+D (think single-suited) 3C = relay 3D = 6(322) 3H = 3631 (4C = sets H, 4D = sets D) 3S = was 3334 slammish with cue 3N = had S cue, min 4C = void C, cues 3H = to play (but was psyche) 3C = was 3514 12, 1624 10, 3505 11 3D = relay, was 3244/5233 GF (3S = was 3514 [3N to play]. 4C = was 1624 [over X] [4D was slamtry H]) 3D = 5H-4D (even over X) 3H = GF relay 3S = 3541 3N = 1543 (4C sets C) games = to play 3H = 5+D (was 2650) 2N = 5+S, invit+ 3C = 4+C, was 2614/1534 (3S = 6+S [F?], 3N = to play) 3D = was 1543 min, 1552 12 3H = was 2524 min, 2632 max 3S = was 2623 12 (4S = had AKTxx x KTx KQxx) 3C = nat, F1 (3H = min [4C NF]) 3D = nat, F1 3H = pree (4H = 7+H, 2-way shot) 3S = GF, good suit 4M = to play Handling Interference: (X) XX = 10+, even Qxx Jxx ATxx Kxx (opener's immediate 3H in comp is minimum w/ 6crds) (later pen X by XX'er) 2N = was weak scramble 3C = was lead-directing raise BPH (2S) X = may be invite 3fit (was 4333 11 and pd bid 3H with min 6crds) 3S = GF raise, does not set force over 4S 3N = was 1534 10, 4441 11 (but forgot) 4H = mb 3325 13 (later X) over reopening X, 2N = scramble (3C) 3S = GF was 6133 (4C = S flag) (4S) 5m = to play Passed Hand Adjustments: 2S = nat, original "weak two", NF (X) 3C = lead-directing raise ******************** 2S Opening Responses ******************** 2N = asks for minor (may be semigambling with short S both m's), or constr. 4crd raise, or invit+ relay (X) 3H = 5+S-5+D (as before) (3H) Pass = may have minimum 5134 takeout 3C = 4+C 3D = was 2452/3451/1462/1552 GF, 1723 15, 4432 17 3H = 5-5 (3N = s/o) 3S = was 5314 minx2 (cues for S) 3N = was 5134 twice (4C = sets C, 4H = S flag) 4C = promises 6S, was 6304 3S = was 2443 inv (NF) 3N = to play but enough S tolerance for op to go back with unbalanced 6S 4C = was a distributional invite, taken as slamtry 3D = 4D exactly 3H = relay 3S = 5341 exactly 3N = 5143 exactly 3S = was just 4324 8 3H = 5+D (4C = cue for D, games to play) 3S = 6+S no minor, any strength (cues for S) 3N = was 6313 max 3C = 5+H, invit+, support-ask 3D = 2 H 3H = 0-1 H (3N = to play but had 2S when 4S was so much better, hmmm) 3N = H fit, was 6331 min 3D = nat, F1 (3S = was 6214 [4D = was F nat no fit (5D = to play was 6124 soft)]) 3H = 6+C, F1 3S = pree (op may re-raise with 7crds) 4C = was 5404 13 Handling Interference: (x) XX = 10+, 2-3S (will compete with 3S, later penalty X by XX'er) (3C) X = was 2362 10, implies invit+ values and S tol since pd jumped to 4S with 6232 12 (3D) 3H = nat, F 3S = pree, was 3334 Passed Hand Adjustments: - 6-12 HCP, mb 5332 at times, vul-dependent (X) XX = was 3325 11 but did not compete 3/3 3S = pree, was 4333 10 ******************** 2N Opening Responses ******************** 3C = Puppet Stayman 3D = at least one major 3H = 4S 3S = S fit, cues 3S = 4H 3N = nope 4D = 4D 4N = renope (5N = invit) 3H = no 4M 3S = transfer to 3N 3N = 5S-4H?, but recently was QJT9 KTx xx Kxxx, so probably not... 3S = 5S 3N = 5H 3D = transfer 3H = may have 3H 3S = was 4531, 1543 10 "transfer to 3N" 3N = denies 3H 4C = sets H 4H = 3N = c.o.g. 4C = was 0544 slammish (4H = ? had no fit for anything) 3S = cue with 3+H (3N turbo, 4D retransfer) 3N = 3H but suggests 3NT (4D retransfer) 3H = transfer 3S = 2S 4C = was 5125 8 (4S = signoff attempt - was good doubleton - NF, 4N = signoff attempt bad S) 4D = was 5341/5251 slammish (4H = was 3D but slammish, 4N = just 3D NF) 3N = 3S (4H retransfer) 4C = was good hand 4S (4H retransfer) 4S = was 4333 21 good ctrls 3S = 5+S-4+H GF 4m = South African Transfer to 4M 4H = 6+C slammish 4S = 6+D slammish, was 2263/2272 (4N to play but was AJ AKx KQx AJ9xx recently [5C = was xx Jx AJTxxxx Qx) 4N = quant *********************** 3-bid Opening Responses *********************** 3C 3S = F1 (4red = cue with S fit) games = to play 3S 4C = likely ART slamtry S because had no C or D ctrl ****************** DEFENSIVE BIDDING ****************** Two-suited overcall strength minimum varies by vul, from good 6 fav to good 10 unfav. (1C = std, short, or multi) (1D = H) 1H = normal takeout of 1H response (1H = S) 2H = normal constructive 2H overcall of a 1S response (1S = not S) X = S X = t/o (1S) X = takeout! 1H = nat (1S) 2C = as below 2C = any GF, or 18+ with 3+fit (2D = was 3442 5) 2C = general force, inc. 5413 9 (2H = 4M may have 4D) 1D = nat (X [=H]) 2S = weak (1H) X = had 5S strong hand, 1S = had 5S-3D 9 (1S) X = was negative with 4H-3D, 3C = mixed (2C) 4C = splinter NS = NF, 1M mb 4 cards 2C = general force, may be GF with 5+M 3C = mixed, prob. 3D = pree 1H = nat (denies 4S unless 7-4 or v. minimum) (X) 2C = was 3fit limit+ (2D) 2N = 3+H invit+ NS = NF (1S = 5crds usually unless 4S-1H, can raise with 3crds) 1N = up to 11 2C = general force, need not have fit, incl. 3-crd lim raise (2H = min) 2H = as strong as 10 3fit 2N = was 8-10 4-crd raise 3C = was AT9x T98x QJx Q9, promises fit 3D = about 5-7 4-crd raise 3H = pree 1S = nat (denies 4H unless 7-4 or v. minimum) (X) 1N = nat constructive, 3C = 4S good raise 2C = general force, need not have fit, incl. 3crd limit raise 2D = nat 2S = min (2N = was 15 bal) NS = NF 2S = as strong as 10 3fit 2N = lim 4+crd raise 3D = mixed 4-crd raise 3S = pree 1N = 15-18 2C = 5-4 or 6-4 majors (to show C, pass then bid C like std) (X) XX = asks which longer (but was 1435 10 once so think is equiv to 2D relay below) Pass = had 6 clubs (2D = frag) 2D = prob. natural 2D = relay, asks longer or some invite, may be 4-4 majors (2M = longer [2N = invite]) 3M = pree/mixed 2D = 5+H-5+S 2H = to play (2S = 6-5 extras NF) 2S = to play (3C = was 5503 15 [3D = was 3271 constructive]) 2N = relay 3D = self-suff suit 2M = weakish (3C = cue raise) (X) XX = may be limit 4fit (raise later), new suit = lead-direct 2N = 5D-5H (3C = relay, 3S = self-suff suit) 3C = 5D-5S (3H = relay or nat) 3D = weak 3M = weak (1C [strong artif]) (1D) X = lead-direct D (2C = nat) 1M/2C/2M = nat, tends to be weak but vul could be solid (1H = S) X = lead-direct H X/1D/1N = C/RA/SH (p/c responses, even jumps [pree]) 1H = nat (2H = pree) 1S = nat (X = double-neg) XX = was 2344 10 2N = 4+fit 8+ (3C = not horrible) 3S = pree 2C = nat (1D [standard]) X = takeout (XX) 2S = pree (2C [weak[) X = takeout (2H [weak]) X = takeout 1H = normal (2D = was 4333 18 no stopper [3H = was 5H xtras]) 1S = normal (2S = was 4315 13) 3S = pree, 6suit v. weak 1H = nat (X) 2D = was 11 3fit 2N = 4+crd limit 3C = mixed raise 3D = was 2434 10 (1N) 2S = to play, not too weak (2C) 3C = 4crd raise, was 5422 9 (2D) 3D = was mixed raise NS = NF (1S = 5crds usually unless 4S-1H, can raise with 3crds) 2D = was GF 4crd raise 2H = as strong as 10 3fit 2N jump in comp = 4H limit+ 3C = mixed raise 1S = nat (X) 3C = was 4234 7 (mixed?), 3D = was 5323 8 (lim?) NS = NF 2D = was lim 4crd raise, 3crd 9-10 HCP BPH, 2434 17 2H = was nat 8 HCP (promises non-junk) 2S = was 4-count (3N = was 2434 17) 2H = nat, constructive (3D = general force) 2S = was as strong as 10 HCP 3fit 3C = mixed raise 3D = was GF 5-crd raise 1N = 15-18 (thought I saw a few 12-14's NV but then counterexample so who knows) 2C = nat (2M = NF, even over X, may be light [2S = nat]) 2D = 5H-5S (2N = relay, 3C = self-suff suit) 2M = weak (X) XX = was limit 4fit (later 3S), new suit = lead-direct 2N = 5C-5H (3D = relay [3H = min NF], 3S = self-suff suit) 3C = 5C-5S min or intermediate (3D = relay) 3D = 5C-5S max 3S = weak (1D [precision, 1+crds]) ** might just treat this as normal above, it seems X = takeout, normal 2C = normal 2D = same as normal (to show D, pass then bid D later) 3C = same as normal (1H) 1S = nat (X) 2S = was 3343 5 (2H) 2N = was lim 3fit, 3H = was limit 4fit (3H) 4H = was slammish 4fit NS = NF 1N = normal (later X is takeout) 2H cue = 3crd limit+ 2N jump = 4S limit+, even over X 1N = 15-18 2C = nat (2D = 5+S, 2H = 5+D, 2S = 4S, 2N = nat, 3H = asks stop, 3S = FSJ) (2H) X = takeout, was 5S-4D 2D = nat (XX = cards, 2H = 5+S, 2S = 4S, 2N = nat, 3D = semipree, 3H = asks stop, 3S = FSJ) 2H = 5S-5C (XX = some limit+, had nice club raise; 2N = relay) 2S = weak 2N = 5C-5D (3H = relay, 3S = self-suff suit, 4m = pree) 3C = 5D-5S, incl. v. strong (3H = relay, 4C = self-suff suit) 3D = weak 4D = weak (1S) X = takeout 2H = nat (2S = incl. 3244 GF) 1N = 15-18 (2S) 3S = was 1543 GF (pd bid 4H with 3 hearts) 2S = was 2533 Qx stopper 4C = SAT to H 2C = nat (2D = 5+H, 2H = 4H, 2S = 5+D, 2N = nat, 3H = FSJ, 3S = asks stop) (X) XX = was 4414 10 2D = nat (2N = nat) 2H = nat (XX = cards [9+], 2S = was 4-crd 8 HCP raise, 3H = pree, 3N = good 4-crd raise) 2S = 5H-5C (2N = invit+ [4D = was strong 3505], 3C/H = to play, 3D = self-suff suit) 2N = 5D-5C (3C = relay) 3C = 5H-5D, mb 11 3D = ? 3H = weak (1N [strong]) X = 5m-4M (2C = p/c, 2D = asks major, 2M = to play) 2C = 4+H-4+S (X) XX = was 3-3 majors 2D = asks pref or H invite 2M = to play 2D = 6+M, or 5-5 v. strong (X) 2S/2N = same as before (2S) 4H = assumes pd has hearts (2N Leb) 3C = was pree 3-3 majors, alerted (3C) 3D = was invit 3523 2H = p/c (2N = 5+S-4+m strong, 3m = 5+H-4+m strong) 2S = p/c, invit+ for H (2N = 6+S strong, 3m = 5+S-4+m strong, 3H = H min, 4H = H max) 2N = invit+ ask (3C = H, 3D = S) (3m) Pass = minimum, 3M = maximum (3M = p/c) 3D = invit, 3+ 3+ majors, I think 3H = p/c, length both majors 2M = 5+M-4+m (2N asks m) 2N = 5-5 minors (3m = to play, 3M = stop for NT or cue for a m) 3M = constructive (1N [weak]) as above but X = equal or better (hopefully mostly better), later inverted doubles once re shows strength, else takeout (XX = art runout) 2S = to play but not too weak (3H NF) (3S) 4H = to play 2C = 5+ crds or (4333) or lower of 4-4 (can later XX to indicate 4333's if X'd) 2D/H = 5+crds or lower of 4-4 2S = 5+S weak and double of Stayman or transfer shows good hand, not lead-direct BUPH (must "cue" to show suit) (2C [strong artif]) X/2D/2N = C/RA/SH 2M/3m = natural pree (2C [nat]) 2D = nat (3D pree) 2H = nat (3D = nat F1) 2S = nat (3C = was 2533 GF [3S = was 6232 11 -pd raised with doub]) 3D = nat, good disruptive bid, range vul/seat dependent (2C [multi incl. weak 2D]) 2M = nat (2D [weak]) X = t/o (2D [multi]) - defense is to assume they have S (any p/c bid is assumed nat) also (2D)-(2H)-(2S) X is full strength by 4th seat (2H [p/c]) X = includes 5215 strong (3D = was 3253 6) (2S [p/c]) 2N = nat X = takeout of S, or strong, can be KQxxxxx Jx KQ Kx (rebid S), can be 2443 14, 2335 20 doubler can double either M later for takeout doubler can rebid 2N later as 19-21 advancer can double H later for penalty 2H = nat (2N = was 3433 7 prob ART constr. raise, but NAT by passed hand, 4H = was 2533 10 does not set forcing pass) 2S = nat 2N = nat (transfers) 3m = nat, solid opening strength (3S = nat) 4m = 6m-5H (2D [strong art]) 3C = nat (2H [5H+5other weak]) Pass (2S [p/c]) X = general values (later X's takeout) (3C [p/c]) X = takeout otherwise like vs. weak two (2H [weak]) X = t/o (3C = weak to play, 4S = long suit not too strong) 2S = nat (3H) 4H = was 4333 13 2N = was 3334 11 xxx KQJ xxx KQxx 3D = nat 2N = 15-18 (3H = transfer) 3H = Michaels 4m = 6m-5S (2S [weak]) X = t/o 2N = Leb or good 4H bid with 5 trumps [remove 3C to 4H] 3C = was constructive NF 3S = asks stopper (3D = extras, 5+suit) direct or bal 2N = strong (3C = Stayman had stopper but was 3451[3N = was 2326 Qx stopper]) 3C = nat (3H = nat) 3S = Michaels 4m = 6m-5H (3C) X = takeout (4C = scramble or great 4S bid) 4C = 5-5 D + major (3C = D transfer preempt) X = takeout of diamonds (includes) (3H) 4D = nat (4H) X = was 4144 21 (4S) X = takeout Balancing (1y) 1N = 11(+)-15(-), mb no stopper (2C after 1C op = cue baron-like), if BPH then 9-11 nat 2H (after 1S op) = nat s/o 2H (after 1H op) = was 4243 11 with Qx - pd bid 3N with 3244 14 with hKx) X = 8-11 nebulous, or 15+ any (4S) X = takeout OBAR (1H)-(2D = ART weak raise or others) X = t/o of hearts (1H)-(2H) X = t/o (over 3C/3D [weak], 3D = D-S not strong, 3S = strong) 2N/3C/3D = 6+C/D/S 3H = Michaels 4C = 5-5 minors NF 4D = 5-5 minors GF (1S)-(2S) as over (1H)-(2H) (1S)-X-(2S) Pass X 2N = scramble 3D = weak 3H = weak (2H)-P-(3H) 4C = nat Sandwich (1C)-P-(1H) X = takeout 1S (bid) cue = includes 20 HCP 4fit 1S = nat (2C = good S raise) (1C)-P-(1S) 2H = nat (2S) 2N = was 4fit limit (1C)-P-(1S [art])- X = spade overcall (1C/D std)-P-(1N)- 2C = majors, may be 5-4 2D = probably shows 5-5 majors (1C mb short)-P-(1N)- 2C = natural constructive (1D)-P-(1H)-1S (X) 3D = mixed raise, art (1N)-2H = was 4fit 11 bal (1m)-P-(1N) 2M = nat (1H)-P-(1S) 1N = nat (1M)-P-(1N)- 2D = nat 2M = as (1M)-2M Ghestem 3D = pree (1H)-P-(2C Drury)- 2H = 5S-5D Passed Hand Overcalling P-(1S)-...1N = nat 8-11 ******************** SLAM BIDDING ******************** Negative 3N - 3N cue shows minimum after major set as trumps, bypassing shows extras (unless signing off) Cue up the line: bypassing a suit denies 1/2 rd control (don't cue shortness in pd's length) if partner does not immediately sign off after a cue is denied, it promises control of that suit if there is just one cue left below game, and a suit has been bypassed, it merely shows control of the bypassed suit Repeating a cue guarantees 1st rd control but need not have 2nd Bypassing a cue and then cue-bidding it later shows the Queen (or maybe doub too not sure) Turbo 4N/5N - in cue-bidding, 4N just shows even # of KC's and bypassing shows odd 5N involves the Queen - bypassing shows the Queen, bidding 5N denies the Queen (exception if minor trump below) if minor is already set as trump 4m is Turbo for the Queen of trumps (bypass shows Queen) but 4N is normal Turbo If a cue is doubled, XX by either side shows 1st rd ctrl Pass of doubled cue-bid was 2nd rd control once Bidding immediately over doubled cue-bid was no control twice (alerted) ******************** GENERAL ******************** If opponents cue-bid our overcall, X by either side asks for different lead. Over X of our preemptive (weak) opening/overcall, new suit may be lead direct. SPECIAL ARTIFICIAL AND COMPETITIVE DOUBLES/REDOUBLES A DBL in our side suit when it's not important to engage a competitive auction discourage lead in that suit -------------------------> in the same situation PASS encourage lead in that suit; [note: even when a double could mean a raise, it's not] We play two-way doubles in some situations: i.e. 4?-X, 1?-4?-X, NEVER at low level; In forcing game situations opener's double often shows minimum and BAL/SEMIBAL hands; We play splinter double: a double of an opponent's splinter bid send the message "Do not make your normal lead, i.e. in dummy's fragment suit"; ******************** CARDING ******************** LEADS AND SIGNALS We normally play suit preference: LOW = encouraging , HIGH = discouraging Rarely we play count, sometimes, when we think it is useful, on declarer's lead. Exceptions: Vs Suit: - A lead, dummy have Qxx(+), we play count; - A lead, dummy have singleton, we play: HI=pref. HI suit; MIDDLE=pref. lead suit; LOW=pref. LOW suit; Vs NT: - after lead we play Reverse Smith convention: when one of us discard LOW he encourage return in lead suit; - we play count or unblock on the King; SLAVINSKY LEADS: When we have one or more honours we lead in direct counting: small with an odd number of cards, high with an even number of cards. When we have no honours we lead in reverse counting: small with an even number of cards, high with an odd number of cards. i.e.: K6532 = 2; K653 = 6; 9832 = 2; 983 = 9; 92 = 2; 10 is not considered an honour but with 10x we lead with 10. Exceptions are logical, i.e 1062=6; 10962=10(vs Suit),=2(vs NT); 10654=4; H98x(+)=9; KJ92 = 2 COUNT: On partner's suit, but only if it wasn't supported, we lead signeling count: LOW with ODD, HIGH with EVEN. With 10x, Jx, Qx, Kx, Ax we lead 10, J, Q, K, A. Lead Chart: LEAD HONOR/TEN/NINE Vs SUIT Vs NT ACE = AKx + AKx + KING = KQ(x) + or AK KQ109(x)+,KQ10x(x)+ ,AKJ(10x)+, KQJx(x)+ QUEEN = QJ(x)+ QJ(x)+ KQx(x)+ , KQJx(x) JACK = J10(x)+ or HJ10(x)+ J10(x)+ or HJ10(x)+ 10 = 109(x) or H109(x) or 10x 109(x) or H109(x) or 10x 9 = 9xx , 9xxxxx , H98(x)+ 9xx , 9xxxxx , H98(x)+ SPOTS LOW = xx , xxxx , xxxxxx , Hxx , Hxxxx , Hxxxxxx HIGHer is possible to play = xxx , xxxxx , xxxxxx , Hxxx , Hxxxxx EXC : AJ92 we lead low K1082 we lead low ecc.